Tobacco excessive heavy metals: foreign non-standard is not an excuse

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Ninth Asia-Pacific Conference on Tobacco or Health research reported in the last 13 brands of domestic cigarettes to detect heavy metal, tobacco contains lead, arsenic and cadmium and other heavy metals, the content of the highest compared with the Canadian production of cigarettes out of three times. China's relevant departments in the outcome, said the study refuted the report to make reference to Canada's stringent standards are not fair, and the rest of the world there is no metal on the entire cigarette market access standard view original (live)
From: Netease news with attitude column list at 9:54 ago


Ninth Asia-Pacific Conference on Tobacco or Health research reported in the last 13 brands of domestic cigarettes to detect heavy metal, tobacco contains lead, arsenic and cadmium and other heavy metals, the content of the highest compared with the Canadian production of cigarettes out of three times. China's relevant departments in the outcome, said the study refuted the report to make reference to Canada's stringent standards are not fair, and the rest of the world there is no metal on the entire cigarette market access standards. However, a serious heavy metal contamination of soil in China and China's lack of management mechanism of tobacco testing, heavy metal content in cigarettes in China is indeed much higher than other countries. Moreover, there is no standard in other countries does not mean China can no relevant standards, this does not become the standard cigarettes does not shirk the excuse of heavy metals.

China has high heavy metal content of cigarettes

For this report, the China National Tobacco Board officials said in response to Canadian researchers to the Canadian tobacco as the reference, and stressed that "the entire cigarette market access standards for heavy metals is not only China does not, the international community has no" "Although there is some reference value, but can not say completely objective and fair. "But the fact that, by comparison of the data can be found, tobacco and other tobacco control in general countries (such as USA, Japan) compared to some heavy metals remains high. And more than a decade has been research published this result.

Heavy metals in cigarettes can cause cancer and nervous system damage

Chaoyang Hospital, director of occupational diseases and poisoning, said Hao Fengtong, lead, arsenic, cadmium and other harmful heavy metals did the three major injuries caused by toxic substances in: lead easily lead to anemia, nervous system and digestive system damage; Arsenic can cause nerve system disorders, skin and mucous membrane damage, cause cancer; cadmium can cause kidney damage.

People in their daily exposure to lead, arsenic, cadmium and other toxic substances had little chance to touch mainly through the digestive tract. While smoking hazards of heavy metals on the human body, but much higher than the digestive tract absorption. Incomplete combustion in the cigarette when a series of thermal decomposition and synthesis of chemical reaction to form a large number of complex organic substances, according to separate research from harmful components of smoke up to more than 3,000 species. Studies have confirmed that the center of cigarette combustion temperatures up to 800-900 ℃, burning the edge of the temperature reached 300-400 ℃. The combustion process of tobacco consumption, a change in heavy-metal contamination of food, vegetables and fruits need to process through the human digestive tract absorption, high temperature combustion, the tobacco in the heavy metal, metalloid Evolution of the smoke and fog (aerosol), direct from the respiratory tract into the body, the process includes smokers and passive smokers.

According to some scholars have been domestic-related findings: a pack of cigarettes about 14 grams of tobacco, then smoke a pack of cigarettes to smoke inside the 35 micrograms of cadmium. Almost 3 months, the body accumulation of cadmium enough harmful. Reality, many smokers are used to a brand of pumping, is not only a few months, pumping, and pumping a few years, even decades, the same, by how much harm that cigarettes are not a small problem excessive heavy metals, for smokers Like food, same as a big problem.

Contrast "Ullmann Encyclopedia": Chinese cigarette really high heavy metal

Metal contents in tobacco and the harmful health effects, researchers in recent years more and more the concern of all countries. Tobacco control in countries around the world practice the list of commonly used Hoffman, fowels & Dybing list of harmful ingredients list of the Government of Canada and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency control list of harmful ingredients and so on. Admittedly, Canada's national tobacco control in the world are all radicals, the standard is usually higher than the standards of other countries, tobacco. Although the Canadian tobacco and demanding really unfair to compare, but the heavy metal content of tobacco in China than other countries, tobacco, but it is an indisputable fact.

"Ullmann Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry," is renowned in the world of industrial chemistry, the standard reference books, including "tobacco papers" on various heavy metals in tobacco specific criteria regulations. Internet has information to the ITC report high levels of heavy metals in the 13 kinds of Chinese tobacco of heavy metals, published in the U.S. in 1996 "Ullmann Encyclopedia" heavy metal content of tobacco in the standard for comparison (left 3 below), which The 13 kinds of tobacco in the cadmium content are far greater than standard.

Heavy metal content of cigarettes in China a decade ago, has been higher than that of other countries

In fact, the heavy metal content of cigarettes in China has been very high. According to "The United States, Japan, and the lead content of domestic cigarettes more" show, a professor at the University of Heidelberg experiment was compared to China, Germany, Russia, India, Greece and Canada in the cadmium content of cigarettes, the results show cadmium content of cigarettes in China is the highest, the lowest in Greece 6 times. 10 years ago, Chinese scholars have also done research in this area, comparing China and the United States, Japan, the three levels of lead in cigarettes and found a Shanghai lead content in cigarettes produced in the United States produced 12.4 times that of the Japanese production 4.5 times.

Domestic environmental problems seriously, without reference to foreign standards

Report that "the heavy metal content of tobacco leaves by growth into the soil, not in the production process artificially added." Acknowledged experts in China, China's tobacco farming is likely caused due to soil heavy metal content of cigarettes too high. And China's non-standard fertilizers and pesticides, heavy metals can lead to high levels of tobacco. Other tobacco growing countries like China do not face such a serious heavy metal soil exceeded. Therefore, in this context, other countries, the market for heavy metal content of tobacco-free standard or low standards for Chinese cigarettes, and no reference value.

Yunnan, the possibility of heavy-metal contamination of tobacco producing higher than in other countries

Universality due to environmental factors, like many agricultural products, as in the traces of heavy metals found in tobacco is expected to do. Tobacco production environment by heavy metals in the water, soil, air into the. In the same environment in the production of vegetables, fruits also with lead, arsenic, cadmium and other heavy metals, also mentioned above, but as they enter the body through the digestive tract, digestive tract and the body's natural for these heavy metals shielding, thus far, and against big tobacco.

Scholars experimental results show that when the soil in different concentrations of lead time (0-2500mg/kg), lead in soil of tobacco has a strong absorption, and all parts of the crop residues; when the concentration of manganese in the soil To 1500mg-2500mg/kg, the tobacco plants can still grow, but the tobacco leaves, stems and roots of manganese content increased, the tobacco shoot Mn accumulation up to 13.5g/kg; tobacco plants containing high doses of lead, manganese, etc. metal, although the resulting plant growth and development blocked, but to promote the absorption of cadmium. Thus, tobacco plants in the part of the organic matter is added ingredients or different in production, lead, cadmium, manganese, arsenic and other inorganic chemicals, and more from the environment. This is supported by the Yunnan Academy of Tobacco in charge of people. Especially in Yunnan, where due to rich mineral resources, known as the Kingdom of the said non-ferrous metals in soil containing heavy metals is inevitable. However, Yunnan is an important but one of the tobacco origin.

There is also research shows that tobacco cadmium, nickel, lead and heavy metals content and the PH value is negative, so the more acid soil, the more heavy metals. China's burning of coal, sulfur, acid rain, more and more soil acidification caused by high levels of heavy metals.

China, unpublished results of the census of heavy metal

China started in 2006, heavy metal pollution survey, 2009 completed, the data were not disclosed. Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences Research Associate involved in the census of Huang Yizong. He pointed out that some local mining of mineral, some of the heavy metal pollution to the farmland, making the crops and cash crops increased pollution, especially in the southwest, central and South Africa was the performance of certain provinces. "One manifestation of this census is to expand the area of soil pollution. The tobacco was just one aspect of pollution in some areas, rice, vegetables, there was heavy metal pollution." He said. Environmental Protection Minister Zhou in July 9, 2010, said as China's rapid economic and social development, population growth, industrialization and urbanization, speeding up, involving heavy industry still maintain a certain momentum, and the resulting heavy metal pollution pressures will increase. In such an environment, pollution, tobacco growing in the process of completely inevitable.

Tobacco in China which could lead exceeded the air

Qujing City, Yunnan Tobacco Monopoly Bureau, Minister of tobacco production and management books of Mao building seems high levels of heavy metals in the culprit was not just the soil, may be the fertilizers and pesticides. He walked in the tobacco fields in the long run, a better understanding of the cultivation of tobacco. He said, "If you do not have the tobacco growers of tobacco companies specializing in fertilizer, or pesticide residues may have caused it." In addition, tobacco from Yunnan Information Network data show that even the planting of tobacco seedlings in which the air may lead exceeded, as well as irrigation water may also contain lead, cadmium, arsenic, cadmium and other heavy metals.

High-risk business model tobacco

China has no heavy metal content of tobacco products, national standards, and even industry standards. AQSIQ did not carry out this test alone. China's tobacco monopoly and the implementation of the system, the only national quality inspection center and the provinces of tobacco tobacco quality inspection stations and the State Tobacco Monopoly Bureau and the provincial tobacco monopoly bureau and is a candidate for a "test their own production and sales of their own," and No third-party organizations, like other countries to detect and monitor on cigarettes, increasing the risk of problems of the Chinese cigarettes. This special "conditions" made in China's tobacco market can not blindly refer to the foreign "non-standard", the independent development of a standard related to heavy metal content of cigarettes is very important.

No metal content of cigarettes in China national standards and industry standards

Can be seen from the above studies that China's cigarette than a decade, heavy metal content has been higher than other countries, this part from the cigarette products from China has not been heavy metal content of the national standards, and even industry standards. AQSIQ did not carry out this test alone.

Zhengzhou in Henan National Tobacco Quality Supervision and Inspection Center is the only national test center for tobacco, the tobacco quality and the provinces which together constitute a large stand of tobacco quality network. "We are China National Tobacco Corporation organized under the corporate market cigarette products sampling, half a year. Provincial quality inspection stations also cross check the same items every quarter." Is one such multi-sectoral by the state under the jurisdiction of accreditation authority of the Tobacco inspection department, but not the whole heavy metal content of cigarettes been detected. Chairman Yu said: "The state of heavy metal content of cigarettes materials industry standards, and we've done that. But because of the heavy metal content of whole cigarettes are non-standard class, has not been authorized, never have been." But he said the fact that Last year, the relevant state departments to prepare standards in this area do not yet introduced.

Tobacco "test their own production" model

In 2009, the U.S. Senate on June 11 to 79 to 17 overwhelmingly passed a resolution agreed to by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to conduct the U.S. tobacco, "stop" type of regulation. Japan to abolish the tobacco monopoly in 1985, and promulgated and implemented the "Tobacco Business Law" (Tobacco Business Law) and "Japan Tobacco Company Law" (Japan Tobacco Inc. Law), the former is the legal management of the entire tobacco industry, which is specifically Tobacco companies aimed at the legislation.

In China, the only national quality inspection center and the provinces of tobacco tobacco executive director of quality inspection stations were the State Tobacco Monopoly Bureau and the Provincial Tobacco Monopoly Bureau. Detection of the person responsible for tobacco sales and tobacco is responsible for the basic can be seen as a set of men. Deputy Director of China Center for Disease Control, Tobacco Control Office Director Yang Gonghuan related media in an interview that, in our country, tobacco products with other products that is different from the tobacco industry to detect their own, and not by the quality supervision department of the related testing. Test results are not open to the community. Deputy Director of China Center for Disease Control, Tobacco Control Office Director Yang Gonghuan stressed Leaving aside the report is accurate, objective, the key problem is the lack of detection of the tobacco industry and the supervision mechanism. This "test their own production" model will certainly increase the risk of overweight, and heavy cigarette itself is just one of the factors harmful to human body, the ingredients in cigarettes and more third-party detection mechanism requires the introduction of regulation.

Apart from the external environment, the human body itself contains tobacco hazards of heavy metals is only one of them. The soil pollution is serious in China and the Chinese tobacco industry management mechanism of the lack of detection, so that the risks of cigarettes in China is extremely high. Perhaps some other countries ignored the detection of indicators, tobacco production in China has not lost sight of the context of detection of an excuse. As deputy director of China Center for Disease Control Tobacco Control researchers said Jiang Yuan, cigarettes contain many harmful substances, present the most important is the composition of cigarettes should be the content of harmful substances, and inform consumers, consumers should have the right goods .

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